Nigeria comprises of 36 states and only few among them contribute to the production of crude oil in the country. The country Nigeria is a very large place harboring over 160 Million people with different ethnicity and cultural heritage. Unlike many other African countries, Nigeria is blessed with many resources and one of it is the oil resources and it has become popular because of this natural endowment.
According to statistics, Nigeria produces about 2.5 million barrels of crude oil daily making it the largest producer of oil in Africa and 6th largest producer in the world. It might interest you to learn that this high valued and volume of crude oil is produced from just 7.5% of the total area. There is this small part of the country that is very vast for it high oil production and it is known as the “Niger Delta Region”. Nevertheless, there are other Nigerian states that comes after Niger Delta Region , they are generally called the oil producing States in Nigeria. The truth is that most of the Nigerian oil comes from the Niger-Delta region.
Wondering about which states fall into Niger-Delta region? they include Edo, Bayelsa, Rivers, Cross Rivers, Delta, Akwa-Ibom, Ondo, Abia, Imo and Anambra States and they are generally referred to as the South-South region of Nigeria. This area is made up of more than 40 ethnic groups including Ijaws, Itsekiris, Ibibio, Esan, Igbo, Oron, Annang, Yoruba, Ogoja,Urhobos, Isokos, Kalabari, Efik and Ukwuani.
Let’s go straight to business : Top 7 Highest Oil Producing States in Nigeria 2017/2018
As of 2017 , Akwa- Ibom is currently the largest oil producing state in Nigeria after unseating Rivers state from this position. Akwa-Ibom accounts for 31.4% of the total oil produced daily in the country and it is located in the coastal area of Nigeria. The state is populated by over 5 million people as declared by the last census conducted . Akwa Ibom has it capital as Uyo and it is said to be one of the most beautiful city in the country. The state has 31 Local Governments area and 3 ethnic groups as the major dominants they are the Oron, Annang and Ibibio. Aside crude oil, Akwa Ibom is also blessed with other minerals such as natural gas, salt, clay, limestone, coal, glass sand and giver nitrate.
Delta is the second highest oil producing state in Nigeria. Aside the high rate of crude oil production in delta, the state is also one of the richest states in the country. This ares is located at the Niger-Delta region of country and is composed of 25 local government areas. Warri is the heart of Delta State and one of the petroleum refineries in Nigeria is situated there. Delta state is said to be producing about 21.56% of Nigeria’s oil and the major ethnic groups are the Urhobos, Isokos and the Itsekiris . The state is also blessed with other resources like rubber, timber, fine sand and clay.
In time immemorial when the oil mining started in Nigeria, Rivers state used to be the largest oil producing state in Nigeria before it was displaced by Akwa-Ibom . Apart from oil production, Rivers state is also a leading state when it comes to the most populous states in Nigeria. The last census conducted recorded over 5 million people . Rivers state has its capital as Port-Harcourt and share boundaries with Imo, Anambra, Abia, Bayelsa and Delta States. Rivers produce 21.43% of the total oil in Nigeria . Needless to say, It is bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the south. It has a total of 23 local government areas while the major ethnic groups in the state are Kalabari, Okrika, Ogoni, Ikwerre, Ibani and Opobo.
According to reports, Bayelsa is one of the highest oil producing states in Nigeria and it is the source of 18.07% of oil in Nigeria. Bayelsa is the home to “Oloibiri”, the place where crude oil was first discovered in Nigeria in commercial quantity in 1959. The capital of Bayelsa is Yenagoa with only 8 Local Government Areas and a population of just around 1.9 obviously the least populated state in the country. Did you known that Bayelsa State was carved out of Rivers and Delta in 1996 ? take note today.
5. Cross River
The fifth highest producing state in Nigeria is Cross River state and the states has been occupying this position for many years and hasn’t been unseated. According to history, it is named about the popular river, Cross which originates in Cameroon. The capital of the state is Calabar which is one of the most beautiful cities in Nigeria today and it share boundary with Cameroon.
The capital of Ondo state is Akure, obviously the only South Western state that secured a spot on our list of highest oil producing states in Nigeria. According to the last populated conducted many years ago, it recorded a population of 2.4 millions. The state has 19 Local Government areas and also blessed with bitumen and tar sands.
7. Edo State
Edo state is one of the minor oil producing state that fall on this list with a production of about 2.06% of the total crude oil output in the country. Benin City is the capital of Edo state and it has 18 Local Government Areas. Aside oil , Edo state also has a fair share of other resources like limestone, clay, gold, iron ore, granite and fine sand.
You must significantly note that oil was discovered in Nigeria in 1956 at Oloibiri in the Niger Delta after half a century of exploration. The discovery was made by Shell-BP, at the time the sole concessionaire. The country Nigeria later joined the league of high oil producers in 1958 after producing 5,100 bpd.